Northern shrimp (lat. Pandalus borealis) is a deep-water species, found in cold parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. In the Far East it is called “ling”, in the United States - pink shrimp. It is caught in Canada, Norway, Denmark, the United States and Russia.
The life period is around 5 years. This species is characterized by hermaphroditism – in several years of life males turn into females, so their length is 10 cm. Then they reach 15 cm.
They live at the depth of 20-1300 m at the bottom with a soft muddy ground. They move using legs located on the chest or swim – they can travel long distances in search of food (molluscs, organic remains) or a comfortable water temperature (2-5 degrees Celsius). Thus, they form schools, which are very convenient for catching.
The colour is bright pink, it does not change after heat treatment. The meat is white with pink veins.
Fishing is because of not only the valuable dietary fillet, rich in vitamins and minerals, but also for the sake of the carapace – a chitosan source, as well as alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme used in biology.
The shrimp is sold frozen, fresh, raw, boiled, in a scaled or not scaled form. It is used in many cuisines of the world as a separate dish or an ingredient to salads, soups, hot dishes.